|The history of lipstick is back on 5000 years in the past and perhaps its inventors were women Mesopotamia. They use tiny semi-precious stones to decorate their lips and even around the eyes. Women of the Indus valley civilization that existed around 3000 BC, painted their lips with red clay, iron oxide (rust). |
Ancient Egyptian women used the purplish-red dye taken from seaweed, with the addition of iodine and bromine. As bromine was poisonous, it was called “kiss of death”. Also Egyptian women used henna. And that lipstick was shimmering, add the fish scales. Cleopatra’s lipstick were made from Carmine beetles and ant eggs, which provided the basis!
In the 16th century during the reign of Elizabeth I lipstick became popular in England. She introduced the trend of chalk white faces and blood red lips. At this time, lipstick was made from beeswax and red dye of vegetable origin (dried flowers such as rose, geranium). In 1770 the Parliament of England passed a law against lipstick, stating that “artificial” women were witches who tried to seduce men for marriage. They could be burned at the stake. In 1800 even Queen Victoria protested against the makeup and lipstick, and banished her to the level of women of easy virtue.
However, the actress was still allowed to wear makeup, but only on the stage. In the 1880s some Actresses, like Sarah Bernhardt, began wearing makeup in public.
At this time, lipstick was not yet in a tube. The dye was applied to lips with a brush. It cost expensive and women of average means could not afford such a luxury.
In 1884 appeared in Paris the first modern lipstick that was wrapped in paper and silk and contains deer tallow, castor oil and wax. But it was impossible to carry in your pocket or purse, and so the women could apply makeup at home, but to correct him there.
In 1903, at the world exhibition in Amsterdam, where, amongst other things, demonstrated the cosmetic novelty of creamy texture, designed to be applied to the lips to give them color. Then the lipstick was appreciated by the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt.
A big role in the popularity of lipstick among women played in the first half of the 20th century movie Actresses, including Gloria Swanson, Mary Pickford, Lara Turner, Marlene Dietrich and others. Largely thanks to them at this time novelties like cheap tube of lipstick for $ 2 from Helena Rubinstein “Valaz Lip-Listre” instantly sold out on the shelves of cosmetic stores.
Around 1915, lipstick started to be sold in metal containers with lid with drawers in different pipes. The first swivel tube was patented in 1923 in Nashville, Tennessee. This allowed the manufacturers of lipstick to offer their products in a stylish and convenient package. During the 1920-ies – 1930-ies was patented hundreds of tubes for lipstick, and they all had the same function – rotating or pressing the hook to open the column of lipstick.
By the way, the usual form for us lipstick purchased it in the 20th century when the firm of Roger & Gallet put an ink mass in a box of cylindrical shape.1920s — era dark red lipstick, which remained one of the most popular shades for several decades.
At this time the fashion for a certain lip contour: women paint an outline “rosebud”, “bitten by a bee”, the “arc of Cupid”, everyone wants to be special, fashionable and unique. A private competition is not only between owners of the coveted tubes, but also between their manufacturers including Helena Rubinstein, Elizabeth Arden, Max Factor and others. Helena Rubinstein became the first to advertise lipstick with components that protect from the sun. The Fashion magazine Vogue declared lipstick a defining item of the twentieth century and encouraged women to treat the application seriously: “draw the mouth as if you are an artist”.
The film industry has stimulated the demand for lipstick. Women wanted to look like Louise Brooks, Clara bow and other stars of the silver screen. Brands such as Max Factor and Tangee promised women that they can look like a movie star by applying cosmetics.
In the 1930s the company introduced the Hazel Bishop lasting lipstick. At this time, lipsticks contained waxes, softeners, pigments and various oils, and cosmetics brand Max Factor created lip gloss. During the second world war, the essential components for lipsticks, such as oil, were unavailable. So lipstick was insufficient. Also the metal case of the lipstick has been replaced with plastic. However, she was still made. In America and Europe, it was believed that makeup is psychologically important for women. Lipstick became a symbol of women’s power in wartime. Stopped the rivalry brands and they are focused on the production of cheap lipstick. After the Second World war, cosmetic dawn continues: in 1947 in Paris appears lipstick “Le Rouge Baiser”, which “allows women kissing”. In addition to the promised durability the lipstick was another important advantage — a rich color palette. Now the use of lipstick has become a routine: lips were painted not only for evening, but also, for example, during a shopping trip. In the 1950’s dark red lipstick was back in fashion thanks to Actresses like Marilyn Monroe and Elizabeth Taylor. In these years, most major brands were Revlon and Hazel Bishop.
Lipstick color really started to change in the 1960s when changed trends in clothing and other cosmetics. Instead of the deep colors of the 1950s, manufacturers began to sell light, frosted lipsticks in colors like pale pink, lavender and even white that contrasted with the emphasis on heavy dark eye makeup with eyeliner and mascara. In the late 1960s and early 1970s was a trend towards more natural colors of lips. But in the late 1970-ies with the punk movement became popular black and dark purple shades. At the same time glam-rockers like David Bowie challenged cultural norms through the lipstick. Thus began the era of “manstick” (lipstick on men). In 1973 Bonne Bell company created the colorless lip gloss with a strong, usually fruity, aroma. Shine was a great success in adolescent girls.Lipstick 1980-ies were usually bright orange, coral, fuchsia and red, which combined with bright eye shadow, mascara on the eyelashes and heavy blush. The lipstick has varied during the 1990-ies. Initially, they were matte and dark, contrasting with lighter eye makeup and skin. In the middle of 1990-ies is more popular were brown and other neutral colors. Lip gloss use more young girls. Together with lipstick was used a lip pencil. Also in the 90-ies became fashionable to include natural components and is a more gentle formula. A lot of lipsticks had in its composition of vitamins and herbs. Today you can find a lot of shades of lipstick from pale pastels to purplish-black. Dark colors are more popular during the evening, as neutral and gentle – during the day. The modern trend is the use in lipstick organic products, without chemicals.
Modern lipstick contains castor oil, cocoa butter, jojoba, beeswax, petrolatum, lanolin, vitamin E, aloe Vera, amino acids, collagen, UF-filters, various pigments for color.
For women only offers lipstick of different types (cream, liquid) and properties. By the way, the popularity of lipstick, in particular, al, is now gaining momentum, so in the next few months we can replenish the contents of their cosmetic bags one of the samples of this cosmetic art.